Wolfburn | The place
21642
page-template-default,page,page-id-21642,page-child,parent-pageid-21625,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,,select-theme-ver-3.2.1,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-4.11.2.1,vc_responsive
 

The place

Thurso

Thurso is the most northerly town on the British mainland with records dating back to Viking times when it was under Norse Orcadian rule and a major gateway to Scotland from Scandinavia and the northern isles. The area is fringed to the north and east by dramatic coastal scenery and is home to large colonies of internationally important sea birds.

 

Thurso Bay and the distillery overlook the turbulent waters of the Pentland Firth towards the imposing cliffs of the Orcadian Island of Hoy and on a clear day the Old Man of Hoy can be seen in the far distance. The Thurso area was inhabited long before the Vikings arrived to give it its name. With a significant heritage from the Neolithic era, the entire county of Caithness is littered with cairns (burial chambers), megaliths (standing stones) and iron age brochs (hollow-walled rounded castles).

Local Environment

The Flow Country covers much of Caithness and has done so since the end of the last ice age.  It is an ancient and almost unique environment, the largest expanse of blanket peat bog in Europe, perhaps the entire world.

 

Conditions developed due to the damp acidic environment that encourages the growth of sphagnum moss which then rots to form peat.  The same conditions make the land unsuitable for farming meaning the area has been largely preserved from human development, and the water is remarkably pure. This is an extensive and exceptional area of wild land and solitude that supports a rich diversity of natural habitat. The peat itself continues to be a useful resource.  In some villages one can still find the familiar smell of burning peat, dug and stacked by hand, fuelling the open fires of the homes homes within.